P5: VATSIM Advanced IFR Pilot
  1. VATSIM Advanced IFR Pilot (P5)

    1. VATSIM Advanced IFR Pilot Rating Scope

      1. The VATSIM Advanced IFR Pilot Rating focuses on flying the aircraft manually and solely by reference to instruments to include partial panel to simulate instrument failures, and on performing non precision approaches such as VOR, NDB, etc.

      2. Because the VATSIM Advanced IFR Pilot Rating does not require the VATSIM IFR Pilot Rating there is some material that is duplicated in this rating. Those topics are noted with an asterisk (*) which denotes requirements for the VATSIM Advanced IFR Pilot Rating that can be waived for pilots who hold the VATSIM IFR Pilot Rating prior to being awarded the VATSIM Advanced IFR Rating

      3. This rating must be flown in single or twin engine propeller driven aircraft under 12,500 lbs (5670 kg)

      4. Autopilot coupled flight is specifically prohibited from the VATSIM Advanced IFR Rating curriculum.

      5. Demonstrated tolerances for this rating:

        1. Headings + 10 degrees

        2. Altitudes + 100 feet

        3. Airspeeds + 10 knots IAS

        4. Tracking a CDI + 1/2 needle deflection

        5. For partial panel flight the above may be exceeded by as much as 30% and ¾ CDI needle deflection

    2. Local IFR operations regulations and customs*

      1. Local regulations governing IFR flight

      2. Non regulatory local customs for IFR flight

      3. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall be able to find any publicly available local regulations and customs and apply them to VATSIM online flying decision making, and be able to find answers to questions online using VATSIM Supervisors and offline using means such as forums to find answers to questions about regulations and customs.

        2. ATOs may choose to place the regulatory and customs content within the appropriate subject area in lieu of a stand alone section of regulations.

    3. Weather and IFR

      1. What weather conditions requires IFR flight in the ATO's Area Of Operations

        1. What other options, i.e., VFR, Special VFR, etc.) are available*

        2. Special VFR, VFR On Top, etc. requirements, if applicable within the ATO's Area of Operations*

      2. How to read a METAR and TAF, and other available aviation weather products in the ATO's Area Of Operations*

      3. Where to get forecast weather relevant to the ATO's Area Of Operations*

      4. Weather Decision Making for IFR

        1. Go or No Go

        2. Aircraft equipment and weather conditions

          1. Icing on Aircraft Surface for models with this feature enabled

          2. Pitot Icing

        3. Choosing weather appropriate approaches

        4. Alternate airport weather requirements and instrument approach minimums for alternate airports

        5. Weather differences when flying on VATSIM and how to resolve them

      5. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall demonstrate the ability to retrieve real time weather from local or international automated sources and translate METARs and TAFs into common local language.

        2. The student shall be able to describe how to get VATSIM weather and why it may differ from real time sources, and how the IFR pilot should use VATSIM weather while connected to the network or coordinate weather differences with ATC.

        3. The student shall be able to discuss and demonstrate making departure go/no go and enroute divert IFR decisions when faced with deteriorating weather below minimums

        4. The student shall be able to describe the aircraft's equipment and features and the effect on the them from the expected weather conditions.

        5. The student shall demonstrate choosing weather appropriate non-precision approaches to likely runways at destination and alternate airports.

    4. Charts for IFR flying

      1. How to read appropriate IFR charts relevant to the ATO's Area Of Operations*

      2. Where to find charts in your division or ATO.

        1. Standard Departure Procedures (DP/SID)

        2. Standard Arrival Procedures (STAR)

        3. Instrument Approach Procedures

          1. Precision (ILS/GS)

          2. Non-precision (VOR/NDB/GPS)

        4. High and Low Altitude Enroute Charts

        5. Airport Facility Charts

      3. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. Using IFR charts common to the geographic area, the student shall demonstrate the ability to interpret chart diagrams and features that affect IFR flight and ATC interactions.

        2. The student shall be able to use the charts to plan and execute a IFR flight with online VATSIM ATC to include airport diagrams, departure procedures, enroute charts, arrival procedures, and non-precision approaches for enroute, destination, and alternate airports.

    5. VATSIM ATC Services*

      1. Basic transponder usage, squawking IFR codes and the IDENT feature.

      2. Conducting IFR flights with or without basic radar service from ATC

      3. Towered and non-towered IFR operations (what to say, when to say, and why)

      4. Filing IFR flight plans and getting clearances from controlled and uncontrolled airports

      5. Communications, Voice and Text - Controlled and Uncontrolled Airspace

      6. In-flight Emergencies

      7. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall be able to describe the expected ATC service from airport and enroute situations for IFR flights

        2. The student shall be able to obtain an IFR clearance for departure from controlled and uncontrolled airports or enroute ATC

        3. The student shall be able to describe how to get approval for an appropriate declared emergency from VATSIM ATC and be able to demonstrate appropriate emergency procedures per local regulations and customs

          1. Emergencies are never declared in uncontrolled airspace while connected to the VATSIM network per the VATSIM Code of Conduct

        4. The student shall be able to execute an IFR flight between two airports at least 100 nm distance using online VATSIM IFR ATC services for a minimum of 45 minutes

    6. Flying the Aircraft Solely by Reference to Instruments

      1. Hand flying by instruments

        1. Primary Instruments

          1. Altimeter

          2. Directional Gyro

          3. Turn & Bank

          4. Rate of Climb

          5. Airspeed

          6. Artificial Horizon

          7. Wet Compass

        2. Scanning Methods

        3. Engine and Aircraft Configuration Changes

          1. Power settings

          2. Approach and landing configurations

      2. Partial Panel

        1. Instrument and Instrument System Failures

          1. Pitot/Static systems

          2. Electrical instruments

          3. MFD/Glass Panels

        2. Turns to compass headings

        3. Emergency Instruments

      3. Interpreting this requirements

          1. The student shall be able to describe the primary and back up IFR flight instruments, describe the failures they may encounter and how to mitigate those failures, and how they scan and adjust flight and engine/flight controls to achieve and stay on target values

          2. The student shall demonstrate the ability to hand fly solely by reference to instruments in either a separate online session or during the online check ride for no less than 30 minutes in coordination with online VATSIM ATC including five minutes of partial panel flying while executing a full procedure non-precision approach with a missed approach procedure.

    7. IFR Flight Planning

      1. IFR cruising altitudes and enroute clearances*

      2. Fuel requirements and Estimated Time Enroute (ETE) planning*

      3. Completes a documented IFR flight plan including, for each segment, calculated values for:

        1. ETE

        2. Fuel Burn

        3. Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)

        4. Heading

        5. Altitude selection based on direction of flight and minimum instrument altitudes (MEA,MOCA,etc)

        6. Track/Course

        7. COMM and NAV frequencies and bearings

      4. Able to plot an IFR flight on an appropriate IFR chart with legs that correspond to the flight planning document above*

      5. Able to file an appropriate VATSIM IFR flight plan

        1. Where to get accurate routes and how to read them

        2. Including diversion planning when appropriate

        3. Flight plan shall include appropriate connections between filed and/or expected departure, enroute, arrival, and landing procedures.

      6. Departure, enroute, and arrival ATC planning

      7. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student should be able to properly fill out and file a
          VATSIM flight plan for the geographic location relative to IFR flight.

        2. The student should be able to complete a multi-segment IFR flight log document with a corresponding IFR map detailing the pilot's plan of execution for the IFR flight on the VATSIM network

    8. Local to the Airport Procedures

      1. Ground procedures*

        1. Controlled and Uncontrolled Airports

        2. Ramps, Aprons, Taxiways

        3. Taxi to and from ramp

        4. Crossing Runways

        5. Taxiway and runway signage and markings

      2. Taxi and Take off Procedures*

        1. Controlled and Uncontrolled Airports

        2. Entering and Leaving Runways

      3. Departing and Arriving at controlled and uncontrolled airports

        1. Departure and Arrival Procedures

        2. Precision Approaches

        3. Non-precision Approaches

      4. Merging IFR and VFR traffic at controlled and uncontrolled airports*

        1. What IFR pilots expect of VFR pilots

        2. What VFR pilots expect of IFR pilots

        3. What ATC expect of IFR pilots

        4. What IFR pilots can expect of ATC

        5. What IFR pilots can expect from other IFR and VFR pilots

        6. Helicopter departure and arrivals around airports

        7. How to avoid and resolve conflicts

      5. Communications, Voice and Text*

        1. Controlled and Non Controlled Airspace

        2. UNICOM Best Practices

      6. Airport Facilities*

        1. Weather Services and Information

        2. Starting and Ending the IFR Flight

        3. Requesting and copying clearances

        4. Opening and closing IFR flight plans

      7. IFR Landing and Take Offs

        1. Precision Approaches

        2. Non-precision Approaches

        3. Circle to Land or Entering a VFR Pattern

        4. Connecting to or from Arrival and Departure procedures

        5. Performance Categories

        6. ATC communications

        7. Missed Approach Procedures

        8. UNICOM for IFR flights

      8. Holds

        1. Entering and exiting a published or ATC instructed hold using the appropriate entry method based on entry heading.

        2. Make multiple turns in the hold at appropriate speed, altitude, and within published or instructed dimensional limits.

      9. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall be able to describe the airport ground environment, signage, charts, and aircraft movement requirements and procedures on ramps, aprons, taxiways, and runways as they pertain to the local ATO Area of Operations and IFR operations.

        2. The student shall demonstrate proper positioning of their aircraft prior to connecting to minimize start up disruptions and maximize their IFR experience.

        3. The student shall demonstrate a published departure procedure and arrival procedure using CDI/RMI/HSI/GPS navigation systems

        4. The student shall demonstrate a full missed approach to a hold followed by a second approach and landing using CDI/RMI/HSI/GPS navigation systems

        5. The student shall demonstrate proper entry into a hold and make at least three full turns and one altitude change before making a proper exit staying within published or ATC instructed limits.

    9. Airspace and Airports*

      1. Class A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H

      2. How to determine the airspace

      3. Airspace speed limit

      4. Airspace altitude and distance limits

      5. Transition altitudes

      6. VFR flights in the area

      7. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall always know the airspace they are currently in and what limits exist within that airspace.

        2. The student shall be able to follow VATSIM ATC instructions or successfully coordinate with other pilots in the absence of VATSIM ATC.

    10. Enroute procedures and ATC interactions*

      1. ATC enroute services appropriate for IFR Flight in the ATO's area of operation

      2. Network connections enroute

        1. Procedure to connect from an IFR enroute position

      3. Unattended cockpit rules on VATSIM

      4. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall demonstrate the use of online flight ATC services and communications during the enroute portion of IFR flight.

        2. The student shall demonstrate the ability to transit IFR through complex airspace in the vicinity of a major airport with live VATSIM online ATC radar coverage for departure or approach including communications

    11. Navigation

      1. Navigation for this rating is focused on less automated navigation equipment.

        1. GPS

        2. ILS/GS

        3. LOC

        4. Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) with Directional Gyro (DG)

        5. Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI)

        6. VOR

        7. NDB

        8. Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)

      2. Other Navigation methods ATO optional

      3. Interpreting This Requirement

        1. The student shall demonstrate through IFR flight online on the VATSIM network the ability to hand tune frequencies and instruments to properly track the filed route including departure procedures, enroute, arrival, and non-precision approaches.

        2. ATOs have the option of modifying the student's weather adjusted creating visual obstructions to within 200 ft of an approach minimum or use a panel without an outside view

    12. These skills shall be demonstrated while flying on the VATSIM network:

      1. No less than 1 ATO-supervised and graded IFR flight over a minimum of 100 NM total distance and two IFR airport landings, and

        1. Two different non-precision landings at two different airports

          1. A full stop landing and take off from at least one ATC Approach and Tower controlled airport with VATSIM ATC online

          2. A full stop landing and take off from at least one non-controlled airport with VATSIM ATC Approach services only (no tower) online for the controlled portion of the flight.

        2. Demonstrate pilot to ATC communications for all portions of this IFR flight

        3. Demonstrate IFR navigation skills

          1. Following published departure, enroute, arrival, and landing procedures

          2. Handling diversions as requested by ATC

        4. Each flight shall require ATO approval for the following before the required flight is started by the student:

          1. Aircraft selection for flight

          2. Preflight planning and preparation

          3. IFR Flight Plan Filing

          4. IFR Flight Log

          5. IFR Charts for the flight

        5. The pilot should demonstrate the ability to remain mentally ahead of the aircraft and anticipate and execute deviations with minimum delay at all times.

        6. The ATO shall use this flight to highlight some of the things interesting about IFR flying with VATSIM ATC in the local airspace.

        7. All procedures and materials should be ATO locality-appropriate and customary to the greatest extent possible and in alignment with VATSIM IFR ATC services provided